A COVID-19 Vaccine Deployment Strategy for India





Issue: Nov-Dec 2020

Deploying COVID-19 vaccines once they are available is going to be an unprecedented administrative and logistical challenge. This paper proposes a plan to vaccinate 80% of India’s population by December 2021. We envision this process to be divided into four main stages viz., estimating the need, securing vaccine supply, distributing the vaccines, and post-market surveillance.  Broadly, we suggest that essential workers be prioritised for vaccination in the first phase followed by everyone else. We recommend that the government issue a model contract to build manufacturer trust and incentivise ramping up manufacturing capacity. Vaccines can be priced as per market rates with the government subsidising the cost to necessary recipients to ensure equitable access. Along with public private partnerships and open markets, the government must leverage administrative capacities of Election Commission of India to roll out a nationwide vaccination drive for maximising vaccine coverage. Finally, we recommend post-market vaccine surveillance strategies to obtain data on adverse events and tweak vaccine deployments, when necessary.


COVID-19, Vaccination, Election Commission of India, Essential-First, Vaccine Surveillance


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Authors Bio

Shambhavi Naik, Takshashila Institution

Shambhavi Naik is a Research Fellow with Takshashila’s Technology and Policy programme.

Ameya Paleja, Takshashila Institution

Ameya Paleja is a Research Intern at the Takshashila Institution

Mihir Mahajan, Takshashila Institution

Mihir Mahajan is a Adjunct Research Fellow at the Takshashila Institution

Narayan Ramachandran, Takshashila Institution

Narayan Ramachandran is a co-founder and an Advisor at the Takshashila Institution

Sunila Dixit, Takshashila Institution

Sunila Dixit is a Research Analyst at the Takshashila Institution

Rahul Matthan, Trilegal

Rahul is a partner with Trilegal and heads its TMT practice and is Fellow, Technology & Policy Programme at the Takshashila Institution

Nitin Pai, Takshashila Institution

Nitin Pai is Director, Takshashila Institution

Pranay Kotasthane, Takshashila Institution

Pranay Kotasthane heads research at the Takshashila Institution.